Quran or Koran
Quran or Koran, Is the Quran The Devil's Book? Evil Quran Quotes, History
The Quran or Koran (القرآن in Arabic), also transliterated Qur'an, is a scripture considered sacred by Islam.
The name Koran, or better Quran or Qur'an, from the Arabic stem Qara'a, "to read", "to recite", means the "Reading", the "Recitation", i.e. the "Book", par excellence. It is also called — to select a few of many titles — "Alkitab" (The Book), "Furquan" ("liberation", "deliverance", of the revelation), "Kitab-ul-lah" (Book of "God"), "Al-tanzil" (The Revelation). It consists of one hundred and fourteen suras or chapters, some being almost as long as the Book of Genesis, others consisting of but two or three sentences. It is smaller than the New Testament, and in its present form has no chronological order or logical sequence.
In the seventh century, Muhammad claimed the angel Gabriel visited him. During these "angelic" visitations, which continued for about 23 years until Muhammad's death, the angel purportedly revealed to Muhammad the words of Allah (the Arabic word for "God" used by Muslims). These dictated revelations compose the Quran, Islam's holy book. Islam means "submission," deriving from a root word that means "peace." The word Muslim means "one who submits to Allah." The Quran is organized (roughly) according to the length of the chapters. There are 114 suras (or chapters), with many of the later and more warlike ones appearing near the beginning.
The verses are of two kinds: Meccan and Medinan. Meccan verses are characterized by praise of a monotheistic God and condemnation of polytheism. Medinan verses reflect divine laws and commandments that would help Muhammad in his new role as a leader of men; that is to say, the verses are concerned more with the social laws and obligations of Muslims.
The Quran contains dogma, legends, history, fiction, religion and superstition, social and family laws prayers, threats, liturgy, fanciful descriptions of heaven, hell, the judgment day, resurrection, etc. — a combination of fact and fancy often devoid of force and originality. The most creditable portions are those in which Jewish and Christian influences are clearly discernible.
HAVE CHRISTIANS CORRUPTED THE BIBLE?
Some Muslims accuse Christians of corrupting the Bible. While this charge would explain the differences between the Quran and the Bible, the allegation has no credible evidence. The Quran praises the Bible, and scholars verify the Bible's authenticity.
The Bible is commended in the Quran
Islam cannot teach that the Bible was corrupted before or during Muhammad's life because the Quran commends the Bible: "And We caused Jesus, son of Mary, to follow in their footsteps, confirming that which was (revealed) before him in the Torah, and We bestowed on him the Gospel wherein is guidance and a light, confirming that which was (revealed) before it in the Torah—a guidance and an admonition unto those who ward off (evil)" (Surah 5:46).
The Bible is verified by scholars
Since the Bible could not have been changed before or during Muhammad's time, the only other possible time for corruption was after his death. But scholarly evidence proves that up to the twenty-first century, nothing of doctrinal significance differs in the Hebrew and Greek texts of the Bible. Aside from grammar and spelling variation, the Bible today is essentially the same Bible that Muhammad praised (Surah 3:3).
Also, by the time Muhammad was born, thousands of Bibles existed around the world in different languages. If some people did corrupt the Bible, how could they have destroyed all the accurate Scriptures exposing such deceit?
In recent years, manuscripts of Scripture dating back to the third century B.C. have been discovered and verify the accuracy of the Bible we have today.
The Bible is truth
God has preserved His truth forever. "Every word of God proves true; he is a shield to those who take refuge in him. Do not add to his words, lest he rebuke you and you be found a liar" (Proverbs 30:5-6; see also Psalm 119:160; Matthew 5:17; 18Luke 16:17; John 10:35b; 1 Thessalonians 2:13; 2 Timothy 3:13-17; 2 Peter 1:20; 21Revelation 22:18; 19).
DO THE QURAN AND MUHAMMAD AFFIRM OR REJECT THE BIBLE?
SHOULD A MUSLIM READ THE BIBLE?
The Quran praises the Bible as God's preserved truth.
As a Muslim, what is your guide? If hadiths or imams differ with the Quran, which would you believe? Most likely, the Quran is your ultimate authority. Does the Quran give you permission to learn from the Bible?
"Lo! We did reveal the Torah, wherein is guidance and a light" (Surah 5:44a; 2:87).
"And We caused Jesus, son of Mary, to follow in their footsteps, confirming that which was (revealed) before him in the Torah, and We bestowed on him the Gospel wherein is guidance and a light, confirming that which was (revealed) before it in the Torah - a guidance and an admonition unto those who ward off (evil)" (Surah 5:46).
"It is He Who sent down to thee (step by step), in truth, the Book, confirming what went before it; and He sent down the Law (of Moses) and the Gospel (of Jesus) before this, as a guide to mankind, and He sent down the criterion (of judgment between right and wrong)" (Surah 3:3).
"If thou wert in doubt as to what We have revealed unto thee, then ask those who have been reading the Book from before thee: the Truth hath indeed come to thee from thy Lord: so be in no wise of those in doubt. And be not thou of those who deny the revelations of Allah, for then wert thou of the losers" (Surah 10:94-95; 16:43).
If you are a Muslim, you have no excuse not to read the Bible. The Quran commends it. Why don't you start today? Begin with the Gospel of Luke, which tells the story of Jesus. He alone can give you assurance of paradise.
DOES THE QURAN REPLACE THE BIBLE?
Many Muslims have never read the Bible because they think the Quran has replaced it. The Quran, however, never claims to annul the Bible. The Quran praises the Bible as God's guiding truth (Surah 5:46; 3:3; 10:94-95).
Some Muslims say that just as the Gospel (Injeel) abrogated the law (Tauret), the Quran replaces the Gospel. However, the Gospel did not abrogate the law. The perfect Jesus came, not to abolish the law, but to fulfill the law.
Jesus said, "Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. For truly, I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the Law until all is accomplished" (Matthew 5:17-18).
Trust God's Word, the Bible, which can never be replaced. "The sum of your word is truth, and every one of your righteous rules endures forever" (Psalm 119:160).
ARE THERE ERRORS IN THE QURAN (KORAN)?
Though Muslims often argue for the divine origin of the Quran on grounds that "no error, alteration, or variation" has touched its copies since its inception, such a view does not accurately represent the facts. While it is indeed correct to say that the Quran of today is a nearly perfect copy of its seventh-century counterpart, the notion that these copies reflect the exact words as handed down by Muhammad is becoming increasingly problematic.
Historical sources prove that there were several different texts circulating in Syria, Iraq and Armenia prior to the final revision produced by Uthman. Zaid, Muhammad's long-time secretary, was called in by Uthman to oversee the final and definitive authorized version of the Quran. All other copies of the Quran were then burned so that there could be no challenge to the authorized text. It remains to be answered why Uthman would have had to produce an authorized version of the Quran, if indeed the Quran had been perfectly preserved from the beginning!
To quote Alfred Guillaume, one of the best-known non-Muslim scholars on Islam:
"Only the men of Kufa refused the new edition, and their version was certainly extant as late as A.D. 1000. Uthman's edition to this day remains the authoritative word of God to Muslims. Nevertheless, even now variant readings, involving not only different readings of the vowels but also occasionally a different consonantal text, are recognized as of equal authority one with another!"
When one compares the different transmitted versions of the Quran, it becomes evident that there are, in fact, variants among them. While these variants usually involve differences in individual letters, vowels or diacritical marks, the Muslim claim of perfect unity in the copies of the Quran is incorrect.
Moreover, since part of the Islamic claim is that God has been giving revelations to mankind throughout history, including the Psalms of David and the four Gospels, one wonders why it is claimed that Allah miraculously preserved the Quran in infallible copies, whereas Allah was apparently singularly incapable of accomplishing the same feat with the previous revelations.
Let us weigh the validity of the claim at hand. Just how excellent is the literary quality? In his book, Jesus Among Other Gods, well-known Christian apologist Ravi Zacharias argues:
"Let us consider just one troublesome aspect, the grammatical flaws that have been demonstrated. Ali Dashti, an Iranian author and a committed Muslim, commented that the errors in the Quran were so many that the grammatical rules had to be altered in order to fit the claim that the Quran was flawless. He gives numerous examples of these in his book, Twenty-three years: The Life of the Prophet Mohammed."
In the book which Zacharias cites above, Dashti writes:
"The Quran contains sentences which are incomplete and not fully intelligible without the aid of commentaries; foreign words, unfamiliar Arabic words, and words used with other than the normal meaning; adjectives and verbs inflected without observance of the concord of gender and number; illogical and ungrammatically applied pronouns which in rhymed passages are often remote from the subjects. These and other such aberrations in the language have given scope to critics who deny the Quran's eloquence…To sum up, more than 100 Quranic aberrations from the normal rules and structure of Arabic have been noted."
Are there errors in the Quran? – What about fulfilled prophecy?
Islamic apologists make the claim that the Quran predicts Muslims would be victorious at home and abroad (Surah 30:1-5). But this can hardly be utilized as an argument for a divine origin. The prediction that Muslims would be militarily victorious (especially when one considers Muhammad's overwhelming military force) is not very impressive.
Not only is the time between these predictions and their subsequent fulfillment almost nil, but some argue the prediction of Islamic victory is better understood as a pre-battle victory speech from Muhammad to boost the morale of his troops.
Islamic prophecy does not even come close to the level of the prophecies in the Bible, many of which were written hundreds of years in advance, such as the prediction that Jesus would be born in Bethlehem (Micah 5:2).
Are there errors in the Quran? – What about scientific insights?
In A Brief Illustrated Guide to Understanding Islam, Islamic apologist I. A. Ibrahim argues:
"The Quran, which was revealed fourteen centuries ago, mentioned facts only recently discovered or proven by scientists. This proves without doubt that the Quran must be the literal word of God, revealed by him to the Prophet Muhammad, and that the Quran was not authored by Muhammad or by any other human being."
How valid is this claim? First, conformity to science is not proof of divine inspiration. As modern scientists will admit, scientific models are constantly changing, so they are not an absolute gauge for what is true or false. Second, there are some highly suspect scientific statements in the Quran which are ignored by modern Islamic apologists. For example, Surah 23:14 makes the claim that human beings are formed from a clot of blood. Surah 18:86 claims that the sun sets in a spring of murky water. Clearly, even if the claims with respect to scientific insights were valid, the above statements would immediately falsify any such notion of divine inspiration.
Are there errors in the Quran? – Are there historical inaccuracies?
While the list of historical inaccuracies and anachronisms is vast, one has been selected for discussion here. Surah 20 relays the incident of the golden calf. In Surah 20:85-88, 95 we read:
"He [Allah] said, 'We have tempted thy people since thou didst leave them. The Samaritan has led them into error.' Then Moses returned…and we cast them [(gold) ornaments], as the Samaritan also threw them, into the fire.' (Then he brought out for them a Calf, a mere body that lowed; and they said, 'This is your god, and the god of Moses, whom he has forgotten.')…Moses said, 'And thou, Samaritan, what was thy business?'"
Now, let us consider this for just a moment. How can a Samaritan have led the Israelites astray at the time of Moses (approx 1400 B.C.) when the city of Samaria was founded by King Omri about 870 B.C.? The Samaritans did not exist until after the exile of the Northern Kingdom of Israel and the resettlement of the area under King Sargon II in 722 B.C. with non-Israelites who then adopted a syncretism (mixture) between the religion of the Jews and their own polytheistic background. The Samaritans did not exist until 530 years after Moses. By this mistake alone, the Quran can be rendered unreliable and certainly not an inerrant work of God.
Are there errors in the Quran? – Conclusion
Having outlined just a handful of many problems and difficulties pertaining to the Quran as a divinely inspired work, we are all but forced to reject the Islamic claim that the Quran represents an error-free word of God to humanity. When a similar standard is applied to the Bible, the result is self-vindicating, for the Bible emerges flawless.
AN EVALUATION OF THE QURAN
Compared to the Bible, the Quran has some similarities but significant differences. Like the Bible, the Quran is monotheistic. However, the Quran reject the Trinity—that God has revealed Himself as one in three Persons: the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. While each Person of the Trinity is fully God, God is not three gods but three in one.
The Quran claim that Jesus was a mere prophet—not God's Son. The Quran asserts that Jesus, though born of a virgin, was created like Adam. Many Muslims do not believe Jesus died on the cross. They do not understand why Allah would allow His prophet Isa (the Islamic word for "Jesus") to die a torturous death. Yet the Bible shows how the death of the perfect Son of God was essential to pay for the sins of believers (Isaiah 53:5-6; John 3:16; 14:6; 1 Peter 2:24).
The Bible teaches that God's Son came in the form of man, a truth called the incarnation (Luke 1:30-35; John 1:14; Colossians 2:9; 1 John 4:1-3). The Lord Jesus Christ conquered the penalty and power of sin by dying on the cross (Romans 6:23). After rising from the dead, Jesus went back to heaven to be with His Father and sent the Holy Spirit to believers (Acts 1:8-11). One day, Christ will return to judge and rule (Acts 10:42; 43). Those who have trusted in the Lord Jesus will live with Him, but those who refuse to follow Him must be separated in hell from the holy God.
"The Father loves the Son and has given all things into his hand. Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life; whoever does not obey the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God remains on him" (John 3:35-36). Either Jesus bears the wrath of God for your sin on the cross or you bear the wrath of God for your sin in hell (1 Peter 2:24).
The Trinity is essential to the Christian faith. Without the Trinity, there would be no incarnation of God's Son in the Person of Jesus Christ. Without Jesus Christ, there would be no salvation from sin. Without salvation, sin would condemn all to an eternal hell.
Islam teaches that the Quran is the final authority and the last revelation of Allah. The Bible, however, was completed in the first century with the Book of Revelation. The Bible warns against anyone adding to or subtracting from God's Word (Deuteronomy 4:2; Proverbs 30:6; Galatians 1:6-12; Revelation 22:18). The Quran, as a claimed addition to God's Word, directly disobeys God's command.
Contrary to what the Muslims claim, Islam is a man made religion "based on what Muhammad supposedly said in the Quran". If the Quran originated from God as Muslims claim, then He contradicted himself (which is impossible), because God said in his previous (true) revelation, the Bible, that He had a Son – Jesus Christ – but apparently, according to the Quran and Muslims: God later changed his mind—however, God change not (Malachi 3:6)..
The true religion cannot have blatant illogic at the heart of its teaching. Islam has blatant illogic at its heart. Islam considers Jesus to be a prophet, but it denies that He was God. Islam says that God had no Son and it repudiates the Trinity.
The illogic is this: Jesus said and indicated that He was God many times (e.g., John 8:58). On this point one can also consult: Where does the Bible teach that Jesus is God? (see below). If He was not God (as Islam says), then He was a false prophet for claiming to be God when He was not. According to Islam, he would logically – and we say this for the sake of argument for those who, God forbid, might accept Islam as true – have to be considered a blasphemer and a false prophet. He could not logically be considered a prophet. That proves that Islam is a false religion and that it has an official teaching which is blatantly false and illogical. It proves it without even getting into the other false teachings of Islam which demonstrate that it's a false religion which was inspired by the enemy of mankind to lead souls astray.
Jesus Christ was God, and the Christian religion is the one true religion. You need to convert to it and be baptized for salvation.
"… by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom you crucified, whom God hath raised from the dead, even by him this man standeth here before you whole. … Nor is there salvation in any other. For there is no other name under heaven given to men, whereby we must be saved." (Acts 4:10;12).
"And he (Jesus) said to them: Go ye into the whole world, and preach the Gospel to every creature. He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved: but he that believeth not shall be damned." (Mark 16:15-16)